Submission guidelines

I - Manuscripts Submission

Science & Global Security recommends electronic manuscript submissions via the ScholarOne Manuscripts website located at: Technical support can be accessed via If you have specific requests, please contact the journal's editors directly at

Submitted manuscript must represent original work not previously published elsewhere with the exception of electronic preprint depository such as ArXiv. Submissions should not be considered in other journals for publication. If accepted for publication, they must not be published elsewhere in the same form in any language (note that the journal may be officially translated in other languages such as Russian and Chinese).

The initial submission must be in a format that is suitable for review. If accepted, the manuscript must fully conform with these guidelines.

Authors are required to secure permission to reproduce any figure, table or extract text from any other source. This applies to direct reproduction as well as "derivative reproduction" (where you have created a new figure or table which derives substantially from a copyrighted source).

Files should be submitted in Microsoft® Word or LaTex format. All parts of the manuscript should be double-spaced, with margins of at least one inch on all sides with pages numbered consecutively throughout the paper. Please note that the article should be written in the third person and avoid the use of all personal pronouns. All authors are responsible for conforming to the usage standards of American English. Use the current version of Webster's New International Dictionary.

II - Abstract and Running Head

Each article should be summarized in an abstract of 100-150 words and contains no abbreviations, acronyms, diagrams or references to the text. Authors should also supply a shortened version of the title suitable for the running head, not exceeding 50-character spaces.

III - Figures and Tables

Figures should be numbered consecutively, placed in the body of the paper and submitted as digital files in their native graphic format according to the following guidelines.

  • 300 dpi or higher.
  • Sized to fit on the journal page, 5.5 inches or less.
  • EPS, TIFF, JPG or PSD format only.

Figures are published in black and white in the printed version of the journal. Color figures can be posted in the online version free of charge. However, submission of separate figures in both color and black and white will be required by the editors if the color illustration do not display well when converted to a gray scale.

When referring to figures in the text, the word figure should be spelled out (for example, "Please see Figure 1" not "Please see Fig. 1). Endnotes should be avoided in the Figures captions, and if needed, placed in the text preceding the figure.

Tables should be numbered consecutively. A descriptive caption should be placed above each table. Notes to the tables will be placed directly beneath the tables. Do not use vertical rules and avoid horizontal rules.

IV - Equations and Formulas

Given the technical nature of the journal, the editors encourage the use of mathematical expressions, equations, plots, and associated illustrations. Subscripts and superscripts should be clearly shown. To simplify typesetting, please use (1) the "exp" form of complex exponential functions; (2) fractional exponents instead of root signs; and (3) the solidus (/) to simplify fractions, for example, exp (1/2).

When referring to equations in the text, the word equation should be spelled out (for example, Equation 3 not Eq. 3).

V - References

References are formatted as endnotes and follow the convention of The Chicago Manual of Style, Documentation I. Details can be found in "Notes and Bibliography" located at Endnote references should be placed at the end of a paragraph (or sentence if necessary). There should be only one reference at a single location, but a single note can contain multiple citations. Page numbers should be provided when applicable or relevant.

V.1 - Government agency reports

The following is the basic format for government agency reports:

Agency, Laboratory, Author, Title, edition, Report Number, City and State, Date. (Series elements if applicable). Notes such as web address. For example, United States Department of Energy, Pacific Northwest National Laboratories, Paul Sliva et al., "Optical-Based Smart Structures for Tamper-Indicating Applications," PNNL-11407, Richland, Washington, 1996.

V.2 Repeating references

The Journal uses The Chicago Manual of Style format for references that are cited earlier in the text: for example the use of the short title instead of op. cit. and the use of ibid. to refer only to a single work cited in the note immediately preceding.

VII - Abbreviations

In general, to abbreviate, spell out the word the first time it is used, followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis. All further mentions may be thus abbreviated. Capital letters should only be used if the word would be capitalized without a definition. Creating an acronym does not create a special case for capitalization.

When referring to treaties and organizations, the full name should be provided at the first reference with the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter, the abbreviation can be used. Use "START I" and "START II" as abbreviations (not START-1, or START 1).

US, UK, or UN and similar indications of geographic areas shall be employed only as adjectives; United States, United Kingdom, or United Nations as nouns.

VIII - Units

The journal uses the International System of Units (SI). Acceptable abbreviations are given in the Style Manual of the American Institute of Physics and The Chicago Manual of Style. At their first use, units of measure should be spelled out and the abbreviations placed in parentheses.

S&GS has adopted the following standard conventions:

  • Always spell out the names of elements. Write isotope numbers using the full name of the element, i.e. Pu239 is written as plutonium-239.
  • Write chemical formulae with subscripts (use U3O8).
  • Use MW rather than megawatt, and include the "t" for thermal or "e" for electric (5 MWt, 1,000 MWe).
  • Abbreviate metric tons as MT.
  • Use Mt and kt respectively for megatons and kilotons of TNT (explosive yield).
  • Use standard abbreviation for SI units (grams as g, kilograms as kg and so on).
  • a.m. vs. am or AM.
  • No "US" by the "$" sign, unless distinguishing it from Canadian or other dollars.

Use abbreviations for units in all equations and, generally, also in the text (e.g. 15 km/s). It is permissible and recommended to write out the following units in the text if it improves readability of the respective sentence: grams, kilograms, meters, kilometers, and seconds. Also acceptable are other common units of time: minutes, hours, days, and years. For example: "The reactor produces 50 kilograms of plutonium per year" may be preferable to "The reactor produces 50 kg/yr of plutonium."

Checklist before submission (for authors)


  • Email and physical address of corresponding author
  • Received and accepted dates
  • Abstract (max 150 words) and running tittle (50 characters)
  • References in required format
  • Abbreviations defined at first use (including units)
  • Percent (%) written out
  • Isotopes numbers use the full name of the element and elements are written out.


  • Submitted in EPS, TIFF, JPG or PSD
  • 300 dpi or higher
  • 5.5 inches or less
  • If providing a figure built in Microsoft® Excel, worksheet is included.
  • Separate black and white figures if necessary for printed version

Individual issues